Hundreds of monuments from the time of Thracian civilization have been discovered on the territory of Bulgaria. The tomb in the village of Sveshtari, Razgrad region, is among the best-preserved and most impressive in our land. It is located 42 km from Razgrad, in the municipality of Isperih, near the village of Sveshtari, and is among the highlights of our gastro and cultural tour “Taste Golden Dobrudzha”. The tomb is part of the Sboryanovo Historical and Archaeological Reserve, located between Malak Porovets and the village of Sveshtari. According to scientists, the tomb near Sveshtari was built in the first half of the 3rd century BC. Its length is approximately 7.5 meters and the internal height reaches 4.45 meters.
Huge white blocks of treated soft limestone were used to build it. The width, which reaches 6.5 meters, is also impressive. The dromos leads to three rooms – a burial chamber, an entrance hall, and a side room. Each room is covered with a semi-cylindrical vault, which has a different height and asymmetrical arrangement. The entrance to the vestibule is decorated with rosettes and ox heads, which are connected with garlands. The tomb is decorated in many different shapes, including various animal species. According to researchers, this tomb is the last home of the king of the Getae tribe – Dromichet. Two stone beds, grave goods, and human remains were found.
The stone beds depict ornaments associated with scenes of deification. The human remains are believed to have belonged to three people. One belonged to the 36-year-old ruler and the other to a woman about 25 years old, probably his wife. At that time, tradition dictated that the wife accompany her husband even in the afterlife. According to scientists, the other remains belonged to a relative of Dromichet and were probably laid later. The burial chamber differs from the others with rich and beautiful decoration.
The style of depiction is Hellenistic but consistent with the culture and beliefs of the Getae. Three sides of the chamber form a colonnade, which instead of columns is made of blocks of the arch, supported by ten female figures with outstretched arms to the ceiling. They are called caryatids and reach a height of 1.2 meters. They are depicted in heavily curled, floor-length sleeveless dresses. Their crosses are belted and the end of the clothes is turned up and looks like a flower cup. Each of the ten women is depicted with a different face and curly hair down her shoulders. There are baskets above their heads.
Two millennia after their creation, the remnants of the brown dye used to dye the hair, faces, and clothes of the figures can be seen. The vault of the tomb depicts a ritual of the deification of the late ruler, called heroization. The king is depicted on a horse accompanied by two gunners. In front of him stood a goddess, and behind her four women with gifts in their hands. On the semicircular wall under the vault of the tomb chamber, a drawing depicts a ritual of heroization (deification) of the late ruler. About 26 mounds, fortress walls, artifacts, and religious facilities have been found in this area.
Although there is no evidence, it is assumed that here was the Thracian city of Helis, established in the IV century BC, the capital during the reign of King Dromichet. The city covered an area of more than 100 acres and was surrounded by fortress walls. It is believed that inside were the buildings where the most important Thracians lived. The research continues today because a small part of the Sboryanovo reserve has been studied. Three years after it was discovered, the tomb in the village of Sveshtari is included in the UNESCO World Heritage List. It is highly valued for its exquisite, masterfully executed elements of decoration. The tomb is a monument of Thracian art.